Here is the latest Science News from PhysOrg.
Uber riders in Pittsburgh get a taste of driverless future
Taylor Pollier got an offer from Uber he couldn’t refuse—to be part of an experiment with a car of the future.
Apple seeks fresh momentum with iPhone launch
With new iPhones hitting the markets Friday, Apple is seeking to regain momentum and set new trends for the smartphone industry and tech sector.
Study investigates crowd behaviour under stress in a virtual environment
In emergency situations such as terrorist attacks, natural catastrophes, and fires, there is always a risk of mass panic leading to deadly crowd disasters. But what causes mass panic and where are the danger zones? Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Disney Research Zurich, ETH Zurich, and Rutgers University have examined these questions in a virtual environment. Their results have been published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.
Scientists develop remote sensor for studying atmospheric effects of wildfire and volcano eruptions
Observers of wildfire and volcano eruptions have a new tool for studying their atmospheric effects, and they have two University of Alaska Fairbanks researchers to credit for it.
Fish lose their unique personality when they go to ‘school’
New research carried out by scientists at the University of Bristol has shown that despite individual animals having their own personality, this gets suppressed when they make decisions together in a group.
Dung excreted on fruits by vinegar flies contains sex pheromones and invites conspecifics to join the meal
Like many other insects, vinegar flies produce pheromones to call their conspecifics to an interesting food source. A research team of the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, demonstrated in a new study that the flies’ frass also contains these pheromones. Fruits that have been covered by the insects’ fecal excretions seem to be especially attractive to other flies. These fruits are probably a more easily digestible food after many flies have been feeding on them. The new results are a first step toward understanding the importance of feces in the communication of vinegar flies.
Injecting citrus tree trunks with bactericide may help stem greening
A chemical treatment known as a bactericide could help preserve citrus trees from the potentially deadly and costly greening disease, a new University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences study shows.
Dust baths and longer beaks can make cage-free chickens into mite-free chickens
Life is improving for America’s chickens. Due to consumers’ increasing interest in animal welfare, large portions of the poultry industry are shifting towards less restrictive housing. Many poultry farmers are replacing the conventional conjoined small wire cages, called “battery cages,” with cage-free housing in large open poultry houses. Cage-free housing gives chickens freedom to walk around, spread their wings, and lay their eggs in real nest boxes. But life in this improved housing isn’t just sweeter for the chicken, it may also be sweeter for the chicken’s ectoparasites.
Maize genetics may show how crops adapt to climate change
With the onset of climate change and changes in irrigation, adapting food crops to grow in diverse environments could help feed the world. Now University of California, Davis, scientists are leading a major new project, funded by the National Science Foundation with $4.1 million over five years, to study genetic adaptation to different environments in maize.
Self-driving vehicles will have limited impact on productivity
Safety and mobility are cited as the chief advantages of self-driving vehicles, but productivity may be another. Or maybe not, say University of Michigan researchers.
Newly discovered gene critical to embryo’s first days
A previously unknown gene plays a critical part in the development of the human embryo during the first days of fertilisation, researchers from Karolinska Institutet show. The paper, which is published in the scientific journal Development, describes the molecular mechanisms governing early embryonic development and can help in the understanding of what causes certain kinds of infertility.
Estimates of diesel soot pollution will help Arctic environment
Engines that burn diesel can spew a large amount of pollution containing soot particles. These particles have an impact on health and climate in some of the world’s most sensitive regions. Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory developed a detailed inventory of Russian diesel soot emissions in cooperation with Russian partners.
How a volcano in Indonesia led to the creation of Frankenstein
As the summer of 2016 draws to a close, we mark the 200th anniversary of the birth of one of the most famous novels in the English language, a work that also recounts the creation of perhaps the most monstrous character in English literature. The story of how it came to be is no less extraordinary than the book itself, an assessment made all the more remarkable by the fact that most of us have long had the identity of the monster all wrong.
Kangaroo Island could be powered by 100 percent renewable energy
South Australia’s iconic Kangaroo Island could be powered by up to 100 per cent renewable energy at a comparable cost to replacing the aging undersea electrical cable connecting the island to the mainland grid, a new study announced today.
‘Living fossil’ crabs mysteriously dying in Japan
Hundreds of horseshoe crabs—known as “living fossils” as they are among the earth’s oldest creatures—have washed ashore dead in southern Japan, confounding experts who study the alien-like sidewalkers.
Tropical Storm Julia buffets southern US East Coast
Tropical Storm Julia is buffeting the shores of southern US states less than two weeks after Hermine soaked the East Coast, weather forecasters said on Wednesday.
DiCaprio unveils free technology to spy on global fishing
American movie star Leonardo DiCaprio unveils on Thursday a new, free technology that allows users to spy on global fishing practices, in a bid to curb illegal fishing.
VR arrives at Tokyo Game Show, counted on to revive industry
Virtual reality has arrived for real at the Tokyo Game Show, one of the world’s biggest exhibitions for the latest in fun and games.
Spain’s Donana wetlands going dry, WWF warns
It’s one of Europe’s most important wetland reserves, a World Heritage site full of lagoons, woodlands, pristine beaches and dunes, home to more than 4,000 species including the endangered Iberian lynx.
Galaxy Note 7 recall shows challenges of stronger batteries
Samsung’s recall of 2.5 million Galaxy Note 7 phones after several dozen caught fire and exploded may stem from a subtle manufacturing error, but it highlights the challenge electronics makers face in packing ever more battery power into ever thinner phones, while rushing for faster release dates.
Obama declares new marine reserve at Oceans summit
US President Barack Obama was to announce the creation of a new marine reserve on Thursday as Washington hosted a major world summit on protecting the planet’s oceans.
Tame your Oobleck: Researcher able to control thickening
Shear thickening – the increase of a liquid’s viscosity through applied force – is a well-known phenomenon. Mix equal parts corn starch and water and you come up with “Oobleck,” a liquid that turns solid the more vigorously you stir it.
Fighting cancer with space research
Every day, NASA spacecraft beam down hundreds of petabytes of data, all of which has to be codified, stored and distributed to scientists across the globe. Increasingly, artificial intelligence is helping to “read” this data as well, highlighting similarities between datasets that scientists might miss.
Only Canadian-led experiment at Large Hadron Collider gets first results
While Canadians were winning medals at the Olympics in Rio de Janiero this summer, MoEDAL (pronounced “medal”), the only Canadian-led experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Geneva, celebrated its first published results.
Mercury contamination prevalent in western North America
Mercury contamination is widespread across western North America in the air, soil, lake sediments, plants, fish and wildlife, according to an international research team that included a University of Michigan biologist.
Surviving earth’s extremes: BYU research in the mountains of Antarctica
Here’s what it takes to conduct research in Antarctica if you’re BYU biologist Byron Adams:
New optofluidic platform features tunable optics and novel ‘lightvalves’
For well over a decade, electrical engineer Holger Schmidt has been developing devices for optical analysis of samples on integrated chip-based platforms, with applications in areas such as biological sensors, virus detection, and chemical analysis. The latest device from his lab is based on novel technology that combines high-performance microfluidics for sample processing with dynamic optical tuning and switching, all on a low-cost “chip” made of a flexible silicone material.
Ford expects lower profit in 2017
Ford Motor Co. said Wednesday that a plan to embrace “mobility” and spend billions on electric and autonomous vehicles will hurt its bottom line in the short term but lead to frothier profit margins in the future.
US official: Difficult to alter US elections through hacking
President Barack Obama’s homeland security adviser said Wednesday that it would be very hard for someone to hack into America’s voting systems in a way that could alter an election outcome.
12 nations to take aim at fishing subsidies at WTO
The United States and 11 other countries on Wednesday announced the start of a drive at the World Trade Organization to eliminate harmful fishing subsidies that contribute to ocean depopulation.
NYC to pull plug on sidewalk internet after porn complaints
The web-browsing feature of New York City’s sidewalk Wi-Fi kiosks will be disabled after critics complained that homeless people were monopolizing them and using them to watch porn, officials said Wednesday.
Demystifying shrinking cities
A new book by geography and planning experts examines several decades worth of data to provide an analysis of the state of shrinking cities across the United States.
Senior official says UK exploring national internet filter
The head of Britain’s newly formed cybersecurity agency says authorities are exploring the creation of a national internet filter to block malicious software and rogue websites, a proposal that has raised eyebrows among internet freedom advocates.
Pentagon push to tap tech talent in ‘weird’ Texas city
Pentagon chief Ashton Carter on Wednesday announced the creation of a new defense innovation center in Austin, Texas—the latest expansion in an ongoing effort to connect with some of America’s hippest tech communities.
Facebook chooses New Mexico for new data center over Utah
Facebook has chosen a village on the edge of New Mexico’s largest metropolitan area as the location for its new data center, an announcement that spread quickly Wednesday as elected officials celebrated a hard-sought win that could have ripple effects for the state’s struggling economy.
UPS to hire 95,000 seasonal workers for upcoming holidays
It’s not even officially fall yet, but delivery companies and retailers are making their hiring lists for the holiday season.
X-ray detection sheds new light on Pluto
Scientists using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory have made the first detections of X-rays from Pluto. These observations offer new insight into the space environment surrounding the largest and best-known object in the solar system’s outermost regions.
Pluto ‘paints’ its largest moon Charon red
In June 2015, when the cameras on NASA’s approaching New Horizons spacecraft first spotted the large reddish polar region on Pluto’s largest moon, Charon, mission scientists knew two things: they’d never seen anything like it elsewhere in our solar system, and they couldn’t wait to get the story behind it.
Survival of the smallest? Bigger sea species more threatened
In the Earth’s oceans these days, the bigger a species is, the more prone it is to die off. That’s unheard of in the long history of mass extinctions, a new study finds.
Tropical crow species is highly skilled tool user
An international team of scientists and conservation experts has discovered that the critically-endangered Hawaiian crow, or ‘Alalā, is a highly proficient tool user, according to a paper published today in the leading scientific journal Nature.
New discovery shatters previous beliefs about Earth’s origin
A new study led by Western University’s all-star cosmochemist Audrey Bouvier proves that the Earth and other planetary objects formed in the early years of the Solar System share similar chemical origins – a finding at odds with accepted wisdom held by scientists for decades.
Oldest textile dyed indigo blue found
A George Washington University researcher has identified a 6,200-year-old indigo-blue fabric from Huaca, Peru, making it one of the oldest-known cotton textiles in the world and the oldest known textile decorated with indigo blue.
Organic panic—finding the right combination
Organic vegetables are popular. However, growing them is notoriously high-maintenance for farmers. Researchers are trying to identify the best ways to grow these crops in order to keep the shelves stocked.
Tesla says France fire caused by badly tightened connection
Tesla says that a fire in one of its electric cars in France broke out because an electrical connection had not been tightened properly.
Some farmers worry Monsanto merger will drive up costs
Bayer’s buyout of St. Louis-based Monsanto has agricultural groups and farmers concerned that the merger will lead to higher prices for seed and crop protection products, though some experts are confident the deal will be good for farmers.
Nanoparticles that carry three or more drugs hold potential for targeted cancer therapy
Nanoparticles offer a promising way to deliver cancer drugs in a targeted fashion, helping to kill tumors while sparing healthy tissue. However, most nanoparticles that have been developed so far are limited to carrying only one or two drugs.
Five things to know about the Bayer-Monsanto deal
German chemicals firm Bayer on Wednesday clinched a $66-billion deal to buy the US seeds and pesticides giant Monsanto, a high-profile takeover likely to face close scrutiny as debate rages in Europe over the use of genetically modified crops.
Know thy star, know thy planet
When it comes to exoplanets, astronomers have realized that they only know the properties of the planets they discover as well as they know the properties of the stars being orbited. For a planet’s size, precisely characterizing the host star can mean the difference in our understanding of whether a distant world is small like Earth or huge like Jupiter.
Web pioneer Halsey Minor bets on VR with Live Planet
Halsey Minor is no stranger to being at the bleeding edge of a new industry.
New sensor technology could speed up blood test analysis
Researchers at the University of York have developed a new sensor that is capable of detecting multiple proteins and enzymes in a small volume of blood, which could significantly speed up diagnostic healthcare processes.
Mapping a new course with smartphone apps
When it comes to map apps, consumers are finding plenty of fresh paths to digital navigation thanks to Google, Apple and a whole host of rivals.
Diffraction-controlled laser-driven proton acceleration
A targeted way to manipulate beams of protons accelerated using ultrashort and ultraintense laser pulses has been demonstrated by a team of researchers led at the University of Strathclyde.
El Nino and global warming combine to cause extreme drought in the Amazon rainforest
A study led by researchers at the Global Change Unit at the Universitat de València (UV) shows the impact the current 2015/2016 El Niño is having in Amazonia. Areas of extreme drought and changes to their typical distribution in the region are among the most evident consequences.
New radar system could lead to better defences against avalanches
A new radar-based imaging system with an unprecedented ability to penetrate snow-powder clouds could lead to greater avalanche protection for towns, buildings, roads and railways.
New insights into the impacts of ocean acidification
A new study recently published in the journal Global Biogeochemical Cycles offers clues to the potential impact of ocean acidification deep-sea, shell-forming organisms.
Greenhouse gas-monitoring aircraft keep tabs on the Amazon’s rising methane levels
Research led by the National Centre of Earth Observation at the University of Leicester is going to new heights in the atmosphere to get a better handle on methane emitted from wetlands in the Amazon.
ALMA spots possible formation site of icy giant planet
Astronomers found signs of a growing planet around TW Hydra, a nearby young star, using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Based on the distance from the central star and the distribution of tiny dust grains, the baby planet is thought to be an icy giant, similar to Uranus and Neptune in our Solar System. This result is another step towards understanding the origins of various types of planets.
Pioneering research paves the way towards exascale optical networks
In the face of increasing bandwidth demands, ground-breaking research between the University of Bristol and the National Institute of Information and Communication Technology (NICT) in Japan, has demonstrated solutions for network infrastructure to address the looming network capacity crunch.
Similar nanomaterials behave differently, but why
Nanotubes can be used for many things: electrical circuits, batteries, innovative fabrics and more. Scientists have noted, however, that nanotubes, whose structures appear similar, can actually exhibit different properties, with important consequences in their applications. Carbon nanotubes and boron nitride nanotubes, for example, while nearly indistinguishable in their structure, can be different when it comes to friction. A study conducted by SISSA/CNR-IOM and Tel Aviv University created computer models of these crystals and studied their characteristics in detail and observed differences related to the material’s chirality.
Russian Arctic station besieged by polar bears gets supplies
It’s been polar bears versus Russian scientists on a remote island in the Arctic.
What happened after the lights came on in the universe?
An experiment to explore the aftermath of cosmic dawn, when stars and galaxies first lit up the universe, has received nearly $10 million in funding from the National Science Foundation to expand its detector array in South Africa.
Brexit will change UK role in Europe’s space programmes: ESA
Britain will stay in the European Space Agency when it leaves the EU, but will have to renegotiate terms to continue participating in certain projects, the ESA said Wednesday.
New CCCCC pentadentate chelates with properties for use in photothermal therapy
(Phys.org)—Macrocyclic and chelating molecules are important in physiological processes and pharmaceuticals. Hemoglobin, for example, is a chelating molecule in which iron is coordinated to donor atoms in a porphyrin ring. Often the donor atoms are some combination of nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous, and sulfur. For example, nitrogen serves as the donor atoms in hemoglobin. Sometimes carbon acts as a donor atom, but it is usually as a heterocycle with one of these other atoms.
Protecting streams that feed Lake Erie will take much work, study finds
While current efforts to curtail agricultural runoff will improve the health of Lake Erie, much more work will be needed to protect the streams that feed the lake, new research shows.
Spotify surpasses 40 million paying subscribers
Swedish streaming music giant Spotify said Wednesday it had surpassed 40 million paying subscribers, consolidating its position as world leader.
Chemists report new insights about properties of matter at the nanoscale
UCLA nanoscience researchers have determined that a fluid that behaves similarly to water in our day-to-day lives becomes as heavy as honey when trapped in a nanocage of a porous solid, offering new insights into how matter behaves in the nanoscale world.
Explained: why a reboot is the go-to computer fix
It’s the most common answer to our computing woes: when your PC or mobile is playing up, try turning it off and on again. Or, alternatively, rebooting.
Physicists develop new touchscreen technology
Physicists at the University of Sussex are at an advanced stage of developing alternative touchscreen technology to overcome the shortfall in the traditional display, phone and tablet material that relies on electrodes made from indium tin oxide (ITO).
Wheat producers advised to take advantage of existing soil nitrogen
As producers across the state are planting winter wheat, it is important they consider crediting soil nitrogen in their management plans, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service specialist.
Facebook’s algorithms give it more editorial responsibility—not less
Recent criticism of Facebook for removing a post containing the iconic image of a naked girl during the Vietnam War isn’t the first time it has been accused of censorship. Yet at the same time, it is regularly rebuked for failing to remove quickly enough hateful, illegal or inappropriate material, most recently by the German government.
Complex materials can self-organize into circuits, may form basis for multifunction chips
Researchers studying the behavior of nanoscale materials at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered remarkable behavior that could advance microprocessors beyond today’s silicon-based chips.
Adjusting exchange rates affects currency value
Forthcoming research from Cass Business School and the Bank of International Settlements has found that newly proposed currency valuation metrics display strong predictive power for exchange rates, offering valuable insights for global policymakers and investors alike.
Image: California’s Soberanes Fire still burns on
Today, September 13, 2016, marks the fifty-fourth day that the Soberanes Fire has been burning in the Ventana Wilderness of the Los Padres National Forest, Garrapata State Park, areas south of the Carmel Valley and areas surrounding Big Sur. Sadly this fire was caused by an illegal, unattended campfire on the Soberanes Canyon trail in the Garrapata State Park. Active fire behavior continues in the south and southeast portions of the fire within the steep, rugged and inaccessible terrain of the Ventana Wilderness Area.
Turbulence—not as dangerous as flyers think
You’re sitting in an aeroplane, maybe reading a book or watching a movie, a tray of unopened food in front of you. Suddenly, the plane jolts and starts to bump up and down. You grab hold of the armrest, hastily tighten your seatbelt and say a silent prayer.
One billion stars in 3-D: Gaia’s billion-star map hints at treasures to come
The first catalogue of more than a billion stars from ESA’s Gaia satellite was published today – the largest all-sky survey of celestial objects to date.
Scientists on the hunt for medicinal liquid gold
A sweet pantry staple often smeared on toast or added to tea, honey also has a long history as a powerful natural healer.
Whales might be hidden, but these new buoys can help find them
How do you find whales that dive so deep and spend so little time at the surface that some species have never been observed alive? Sometimes you just have to listen closely.
Hubble images three debris disks around G-type stars
A team using the Hubble Space Telescope has imaged circumstellar disk structures (CDSs) around three stars similar to the sun. The stars are all G-type solar analogs, and the disks themselves share similarities with our Solar System’s own Kuiper Belt. Studying these CDSs will help us better understand their ring-like structure, and the formation of solar systems.
Geologic studies are a big part of upcoming space missions
In the coming decades, the world’s largest space agencies all have some rather big plans. Between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), Roscosmos, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), or the China National Space Administration (CNSA), there are plans to return to the moon, crewed missions to Mars, and crewed missions to Near-Earth Objects (NEOs).
Variable mortgages make UK market more volatile, study shows
Britain’s property market is “highly volatile” because almost three quarters of homeowners are on riskier variable or short-term fixed rate mortgages, research by Nottingham Trent University shows.
Binge watching can improve relationships between couples who don’t share friends
Watching ‘box-sets’ and movies together can improve relationship quality and commitment, particularly in couples who don’t share friends, according to research from the University of Aberdeen.
Public spending on R&D has positive effects
A recent evaluation by Statistics Norway shows that governmental support of R&D and innovation in the private sector has positive effects. The tax incentive scheme SkatteFUNN is found to be particularly cost effective.
China to launch second space laboratory: report
China will launch its second space lab on Thursday, official media said Wednesday, as the Communist country works towards setting up its own space station, among several ambitious goals.
Fossil evidence reveals that cancer in humans goes back 1.7 million years
Cancer is often viewed as a fundamentally modern and monolithic disease. Many people think its rise and spread has been driven almost exclusively by the developed world’s toxins and poisons; by our bad eating habits, lifestyles, and the very air we breathe.
Stingrays found to chew their food before swallowing
(Phys.org)—A team of researchers from the University of Toronto and the University of Washington has discovered that at least one species of stingray chews its food before swallowing it. In their paper published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the team describes their study of the creatures using high-speed video technology and what they learned about the platter-shaped predators.
The buzz on how climate change impacts nature’s mimicry system
EU researchers are studying how a changing climate affects hoverflies, which mimic bees and wasps, and the evolutionary consequences of these changes.
Review: Consumers lose as FCC retreats on set-top box proposal
Under fire from Hollywood and Big Cable, Tom Wheeler, the chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, lost his nerve.
EU seeks stricter controls on WhatsApp, Skype
The European Union will subject internet services like WhatsApp and Skype to similar rules that traditional telecommunications firms face, according to major reform proposals unveiled Wednesday.
Study suggests Japan falsified catch lengths of sperm whales in 60’s and 70’s
(Phys.org)—A pair of researchers with the Marine Mammal Laboratory, Alaska Fisheries Science Center has published a scathing report on Japanese whaling actives during the period 1960 to 1975. Phillip Clapham and Yulia Ivashchenko claim in their paper published in Royal Society Open Science that they have found evidence of widespread falsifying of whale length by Japanese whalers causing unknown damage to whale populations and putting in doubt current whale census data.
Can farmed fish feed the world sustainably?
The world’s population is expected to soar by 2.5 billion people by 2050, bringing a host of global challenges – including how to feed so many hungry mouths.
Opinion: Why editors were wrong to damn Facebook for censorship
Facebook’s recent decision to block a Norwegian user’s post containing the Pulitzer Prize-winning photo of children, one of them a terrified and naked girl fleeing a napalm attack during the Vietnam war, was met by a cry of outrage from journalists and other free speech advocates.
Report outlines how to make equity part of California’s low-carbon economy
Governor Jerry Brown’s signing last week of two landmark climate bills, SB 32 and AB 197, demonstrates the emergence of a powerful coalition of environmentalists, labor unions and grassroots “environmental justice” organizations that will be crucial to achieving the new emissions goals, as explained in a new report by the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Southern California.
HD 30963 is a chemically peculiar star, study finds
(Phys.org)—New research conducted by a team of astronomers from the Paris Observatory in Meudon, France and the Notre Dame University – Louaize in Zouk Mosbeh, Lebanon, reveals that a B-type main-sequence star designated HD 30963 has unusual metal overabundances. The findings were presented in a paper published Sept. 12 on the arXiv pre-print paper.
Review: Apple’s removal of headphone jack a net loss for consumers
I’m not thrilled that Apple’s decided to kill the headphone jack. The company’s decision to exclude the venerable port from the iPhone 7 is likely to be a pain in the short term. It also has some worrying longer-term implications.
Polar bears losing crucial sea ice: study
Polar bears are losing life-sustaining sea ice crucial for hunting, resting and breeding in all 19 regions of the Arctic they inhabit, a study warned on Wednesday.
Twitter to launch app on Apple TV, others to stream NFL
A new Twitter app is coming to Xbox One, Apple TV and Amazon Fire TV, where viewers will be able to watch NFL games on Thursday nights.
EU’s Juncker unveils radical copyright reform
The EU will overhaul copyright law to shake up how online news and entertainment is paid for in Europe, under proposals announced by European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker Wednesday.
30-ton meteor discovered in Argentina at ancient meteor shower site
A 30-ton meteor – believed to be the world’s second largest – was discovered in northern Argentina, a news report said Monday.
Food waste could store solar and wind energy
Saving up excess solar and wind energy for times when the sun is down or the air is still requires a storage device. Batteries get the most attention as a promising solution although pumped hydroelectric storage is currently used most often. Now researchers reporting in ACS’ Journal of Physical Chemistry C are advancing another potential approach using sugar alcohols—an abundant waste product of the food industry—mixed with carbon nanotubes.
‘Open science’ paves new pathway to develop malaria drugs
Malaria remains one of the world’s leading causes of mortality in developing countries. Last year alone, it killed more than 400,000 people, mostly young children. This week in ACS Central Science, an international consortium of researchers unveils the mechanics and findings of a unique “open science” project for malaria drug discovery that has been five years in the making.